Hello, in this episode of health sketch where we will talk about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease The term COPD means chronic obstructive pulmonary disease It is a little complicated naming, but it becomes meaningful when interpreted word for word “Chronic” means a disease that cannot be cured ‘Blockage’ describes how illness makes breathing difficult And “pulmonary disease” means that it affects the lungs Obstructive pulmonary disease has become more common worldwide It is now the third largest cause of death. The true number of people suffering from the disease is much higher than the currently counted number Because many people do not know that they have this disease Early diagnosis is very important, as treatment helps to slow down damage to the lungs.
Most of the time, smoking is a cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Particles from tobacco smoke inflame and irritate the lungs So stopping smoking is the best thing smokers can do However, COPD also affects non-smokers. Environmental pollution and rare genetic diseases can also lead to infection But what exactly is COPD? First let’s see how the lungs work. The lungs are a spongy network of people and alveoli. At inspiration, air passes through the airways that get smaller and smaller and end up in the tiny air sacs. In these alveoli, oxygen travels from the air to the blood and carbon dioxide is eliminated When developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, inflammation over time causes permanent damage to the people and air sacs in the lungs. The bronchi becomes inflamed, swollen and filled with mucus, which impedes airflow The alveoli lose their structure and spongy nature, so they cannot be easily filled and discharged, This makes the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide difficult.
These pulmonary changes cause the main symptoms of COPD: shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and phlegm Symptoms worsen gradually over time, making daily activities more difficult. You should see a doctor if you have these symptoms. Early treatment of COPD can make a big difference. How is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosed and how is it treated? After checking your symptoms, your doctor can arrange breathing tests Find out how difficult and fast the air is getting out of your lungs. If you are confirmed to have COPD, the doctor recommends the most appropriate treatment To help you cope with the symptoms of the disease and control it. For smokers, stopping smoking is the most effective solution. The Inhaler (which comes in many forms) Contains medications that help expand the airways and reduce inflammation.
Using inhalers can be difficult, but knowing the correct method is necessary for the medication to be effective. Nurses, doctors, and pharmacists can help teach the correct way to use the inhaler People with this disease should be vaccinated to help prevent chest infections, Regular checks should be performed to monitor the overall course of treatment can be “stepped up” according to the patient’s specific needs Other medications may also be prescribed. Sometimes, patients experience severe shortness of breath called ‘exacerbation episodes’. Causes of these attacks include infection, cold weather or other irritants It is important to distinguish these ‘relapses’, The sooner the treatment is given, the lower the risk of worsening symptoms. Antibiotics and stimulants are often used, and sometimes oxygen therapy is needed. In complex cases, hospitalization may be required, but in mild cases, it is possible That the treatment be given effectively at home.
Besides medications, there are many other ways to improve symptoms of COPD. The ‘Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program’ is a great way to get an education and support This is according to your needs, as it has proven to be one of the best ways to improve the quality of life. The program may include: physical therapy for the chest to help overcome shortness of breath and control phlegm Light and regular exercise Dietary advice, as weight loss is common in patients with COPD Counseling to help lift your spirits when you feel low on frustration or anxiety Support groups, to connect with others with the same experiences, questions and feelings Remember, stopping smoking remains the most important catalyst. You can always quit smoking. This may be difficult, but local smoking cessation services are available, It is worth noting that the chances of quitting smoking increase when using their support. Alternatives to nicotine and other medications can reduce your craving for smoking and have been shown to be effective.
We have talked in this issue of health sketch about what is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its causes. We talked about the main symptoms and treatments; and the ways in which lifestyle changes can make a big difference. We hope that this health lesson on COPD has been beneficial to you and those around you. HealthSketch “Health for all”.